Edward Moses Baldwin

Pastor FBC Hillsborough, 1857 -
The church’s minutes record the calling of Moses Baldwin as follows:  “The church proceeded to ballot for pastor.  Elder Moses Baldwin was unanimously chosen pastor of this church for the year 1857.  The clerk as requested to give him notice of the call and request him to accept.”1 
A biographer of former pastors of Grassy Creek Baptist Church describes him in 1889 as a “minister of reconciliation” who at the time “was residing in Winton, Forsythe County, N.C., and was still actively engaged in the work of the ministry.” 2

According to the Grassy Creek biography, Baldwin was born in Richmond County, N.C. on December 4, 1825 - the third child and eldest son of Osborn and Mary Baldwin.  He accepted Jesus and united with the church at Cedar Falls in 1845. The church’s pastor, Elder William Lineberry, baptized him.  On October 10, 1849, he was licensed by the church to the gospel ministry.2,3  In January 1850, he enrolled in Wake Forest College to study for the ministry.  He graduated with distinction in June 1856. Immediately after his graduation, he was appointed Agent for the Baptist State Convention, in which capacity he labored until December when he was called to the pastorate of the church at Hillsboro. In 1856, he was ordained to the ministry by Elders Hooper, Wingate, McDowell, Brooks, Walters and Skinner.
In 1858, he moved to Oxford to become the church’s minister. On April 21, 1858, he married Addie L. Transou in Forsyth County, NC.  She was born on September 08, 1834 in Bethania, Forsyth County, North Carolina and according to genealogic records they had three children: Frank Transou (b.1859), Sallie (b. 1861) and Nettie (b. 1871).4,5   The Grassy Creek Biography describes her as “a lady well qualified to aid him in the great work to which God had called him.” In 1859, having resigned his care of the Oxford church, he moved into the country to take charge of a classical school but continued to pastor churches at Hester's Mt. Zion, Amis Chapel and Grassy Creek.2  

In November 1861, he moved to Forsythe County to become the principal of the Academy in Bethania.  In addition, he was the pastor of Union Hill church (1861-1866) in Davidson County and Enon in Yadkin County. He helped establish the Baptist church at Mocksville, the capital of Davie County. The church was formed in 1864 with ten charter members with Baldwin as their first pastor.6 He served there for five to six years.  Others churches that he has pastured include:  Mt Gilead, Bear Creek, Eaton's and Red Bank in Stokes County. Soon after end of the Civil War, he moved to East Bend, in Yadkin County to take charge of the Academy there. The school prospered and the region’s interest in promoting good education benefited from his work.  As an educator, Baldwin is remembered as a devoted teacher who taught “a large number free of charge, and invariably gave tuition gratuitously to all young ministers who would avail themselves of the offer.”  His students who went to college “usually stood high in their classes, and in the institutions which they attended” and “many of his former students, in addition to those who became intelligent farmers, have taken, and are taking a high stand in the ministry, in medicine, and in law.”2

In 1880, Baldwin was “putting into successful operation the High School of the Yadkin Association of Boonville, Yadkin County, NC.” He planned and promoted the High School and was put in charge of it by the brethren who supported the enterprise.  Accordingly, the Grassy Creek biographer closes by stating that “Bro. Baldwin stands deservedly high as a good scholar, a good preacher, and a good educator of youth. May his useful life long be spared to labor for God and the welfare of mankind.”2 A census taken in 1880 indicates that the household consisted of “six in Village of Winston - Moses Baldwin 54, Adeline 45, Sallie 19, Nettie 9, Pricilla Dalton 25, black, servant and Walter Dalton, black, 5 (probably her son).7

No information could be found about where and when Baldwin died or his ministry after 1880.  We do know that his wife died on November 9, 1897 and his son on June 24, 1928.4,5

  1. Minutes of First Baptist Church Hillsborough, NC from November 19, 1853 to December 2, 1953.
  2. Devin, Robert I., A history of Grassy Creek Baptist Church from its foundation to 1880: with biographical sketches of its pastors and ministers. Raleigh N.C.: Edwards, Broughton, 1889.  Accessed on February 24, 2011 at :  http://baptisthistoryhomepage.com/grassy.creek.bios.html
  3. Purefoy, George, History of the Sandy Creek Baptist Association: From Its Organization in A.D. 1758, to A.D. 1858, Sheldon & Co. Publishers, New York, 1859.  Accessed on February 24, 2011 at: http://openlibrary.org/books/OL6944634M/A_history_of_the_Sandy_Creek_Baptist_Association
  4. Family Tree Genealogical Database.  Accessed on February 24, 2011 at:  http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/z/a/b/Heather-Zabel/GENE7-0007.html
  5. Rootsweb Ancestry Database. Accessed on February 24, 2011 at:  http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=SHOW&db=6933&surname=Transeau%2C+Robert+Wayne
  6. First Baptist Mocksville: Digital North Carolina Library.  Accessed February 24, 2011 at: http://digitalnc.org/browse/recent
  7. Descendants of Peter Pfaff Sr: Notes. Accessed on February 24, 2011 at: http://bellsouthpwp2.net/m/p/mpfaff1458/pafn08.htm 

Compiled by Reginald Carter, Historian, FBC Hillsborough
Last Updated: February 24, 2011